Criminals in History

Historical Events

  • 1021-08-01 Synod of Pavia: emperor Henry II convicts married priest
  • 1519-11-07 University of Leuven convicts teaching of Luther
  • 1600-02-08 Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death
  • 1783-12-09 First execution at Newgate Jail in London (now the site of the Central Criminal Court aka the Old Bailey), relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787-05-13 Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia

1st Governor of New South Wales Arthur Phillip
1st Governor of New South Wales
Arthur Phillip
  • 1788-01-18 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • 1788-03-06 The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island to found a convict settlement

BattleExecution

1793-01-21 Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1804-03-04 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.
  • 1811-03-01 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1840-05-22 The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished
  • 1875-09-01 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband
  • 1886-09-01 Netherland's New Code of Criminal Law enforced
  • 1897-01-23 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • 1900-07-23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • 1903-09-15 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"

  • 1910-03-26 US forbid immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick
  • 1926-12-20 Pope Pius XI convicts fascist pursuit in Italy
  • 1930-12-23 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932-11-05 Benito Mussolini frees 16,000 convicts

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933-01-06 Clyde Barrow kills Tarrant County Deputy Sheriff Malcolm Davis after walking into a trap set for another criminal

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1935-02-02 Leonarde Keeler first uses his polygraph machine on criminals later convicted of assault on its findings in Portage, Wisconsin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-04-01 Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

  • 1945-12-12 Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-09-05 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • 1946-09-12 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 1948-05-04 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)
  • 1948-10-25 Special Council of Annulment convicts F Weinreb for collaboration
  • 1949-01-28 UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
  • 1967-10-20 All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
  • 1967-10-29 London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
  • 1969-11-18 Prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi assigned to the Tate and LaBianca murders, will eventually convict Charles Mason for orchestrating the killings
  • 1970-07-02 The Prevention of Incitement to Hatred Act (Northern Ireland) is introduced; it proves difficult to secure convictions under its provisions, seldom enforced
  • 1971-01-10 Irish Republican Army (IRA) carry out a 'punishment attack', tarring and feathering 4 men accused of criminal activities in Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971-06-28 US Supreme Court (8-0) overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1971-09-09 1,000 convicts riot & seize Attica, NY prison

  • 1972-05-26 In the Republic of Ireland, the Special Criminal Court is re-instituted to deal with crimes arising out of the Northern Ireland conflict; as part of the measures trial by jury is suspended

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975-10-07 US decides John Lennon won't be deported due to UK pot conviction

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976-04-01 "Helter Skelter", detailing Charles Manson's cult "family", their capture, trial, conviction and aftermath, premieres on CBS

Murderer Charles Manson
Murderer
Charles Manson
  • 1977-07-23 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1981-02-05 Military jury in North Carolina convicts Robert Garwood of collaborating with the enemy during the Vietnam War
  • 1982-01-10 NBC's premiere of TV film "Will: G. Gordon Liddy", based on the Watergate conspirator, participant and convict
  • 1982-12-12 The "Snowplow Game": when a snowstorm holds a New England vs Miami game scoreless, Mark Henderson, a convict on work release, on Patriots coach Ron Meyer order, clears the path for John Smith's attempt, which wins the game for the Patriots, 3-0
  • 1984-07-05 Supreme Court weakens 70-year-old "exclusionary rule"-evidence seized with defective court warrants can now be used in criminal trials
  • 1984-07-26 Kuhn announces pitcher Vida Blue is suspended for the rest of 1984 due to cocaine conviction
  • 1986-07-24 SF Federal jury convicts navy radioman Jerry Whitworth of espionage
  • 1987-01-15 Police officer who mistakenly shot and paralysed an innocent woman in Brixton, UK, is cleared of all criminal charges
  • 1990-02-27 Exxon Corp and Exxon Shipping are indicted on 5 criminal counts (Valdez)
  • 1991-05-09 Italian actress Laura Antonelli found guilty of cocaine possession (conviction overturned 2006)
  • 1992-05-18 US Supreme Court rules states could not force mentally unstable criminal defendants to take anti-psychotic drugs
  • 1992-07-25 Army refused to overturn 127 year old conviction against Dr Mudd
  • 1993-01-19 Israel recognizes PLO as no longer criminal
  • 1993-07-29 Israeli Court of Appeal overturns (5-0) conviction of John Demjaujuk, saying not enough evidence he is Concentration Camp Ivan the Terrible

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996-06-18 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • 1997-11-10 Nanny Louise Woodward murder conviction downgraded to manslaughter
  • 1998-09-02 The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide
  • 1999-03-08 The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the murder convictions of Timothy McVeigh for the Oklahoma City bombing.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999-05-27 The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia indicts Slobodan Milošević and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milošević
  • 2001-01-31 In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
  • 2002-05-22 American civil rights movement: a jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church
  • 2002-07-01 The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression
  • 2003-03-11 The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
  • 2006-05-12 A major rebellion occurs in São Paulo as members of criminal organization Primeiro Comando da Capital attack police officers and stations, eventually escalating to several prisons in Brazil leaving around 130 dead
  • 2009-03-04 International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur becoming the first sitting head of state to be indicted
  • 2010-02-23 Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million litres of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, causing an environmental disaster.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2011-12-15 Barry Bonds is sentenced to 30 days of house arrest, two years of probation and 250 hours of community service, for an obstruction of justice conviction stemming from a grand jury appearance in 2003

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 2014-05-23 Russia and China veto the U.N. Security Council resolution to establish an International Criminal Court for war crimes in Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014-07-01 Jennifer Love Hewitt joins the CBS series "Criminal Minds"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014-07-02 Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy is criminally charged with corruption by French prosecutors

President of France Nicolas Sarkozy
President of France
Nicolas Sarkozy
  • 2014-11-11 An Italian appeals court overturns a manslaughter conviction against 6 scientists for failing to give adequate warning of a deadly earthquake
  • 2014-12-13 Fatou Bensouda, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, criticizes UN Security Council for its lack of action over war crimes in the Darfur region of Sudan
  • 2015-12-15 Mayor of Flint, Michigan declares state of emergency over contaminated water supplies amid calls for a criminal investigation
  • 2016-05-09 Rodrigo Duterte wins Philippine presidential election, promising war on drug trade and killing of criminals
  • 2016-12-12 Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte boasts he killed susected criminals personally when mayor of Davao City
  • 2017-08-26 Violent clashes after conviction of spiritual leader Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh kill 31 in Panchkula, 120 admitted to hospital
  • 2017-09-27 Thai Ex-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra found guilty of criminal negligence in rice subsidy scheme, sentenced to 5 years in absentia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

2017-12-09 Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declares victory over the Islamic State in Iraq, ending more than 3 years of convict

Prime Minister of Iraq Haider al-Abadi
Prime Minister of Iraq
Haider al-Abadi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018-05-24 US President Donald Trump posthumously pardons boxer Jack Johnson for racially orientated criminal conviction - transporting a white woman across state lines

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018-05-25 Harvey Weinstein turns himself in to New York police to face charges of rape, a criminal sex act, sex abuse and sexual misconduct

Film Producer Harvey Weinstein
Film Producer
Harvey Weinstein
  • 2018-06-20 Hungarian government passes legislation that criminalizes aiding undocumented migrants
  • 2018-09-03 First public canning and conviction of lesbian couple attempting to have sex, by Sharia High Court in Terengganu state, Malaysia
  • 2018-12-17 Malaysia files criminal charges against US bank Goldman Sachs for it role in the 1Malaysia Development Bhd scandal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019-02-02 American singer R. Kelly arrested after turning himself in on ten counts of aggravated criminal sexual abuse, including with three minors

R&B Singer R. Kelly
R&B Singer
R. Kelly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2019-09-09 John Legend and wife Chrissy Teigen fire back at Donald Trump on social media after he calls them "boring" and "filthymouthed" in tweets over Criminal Justice Reform

Model and TV Personality Chrissy Teigen
Model and TV Personality
Chrissy Teigen
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Singer-Songwriter John Legend
Singer-Songwriter
John Legend

Famous Birthdays

  • 1829-01-05 Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)
  • 1878-06-06 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • 1884-04-17 Leo Frank, American convict (murder of a 13-year-old employee), born in Cuero, Texas (d. 1915)
  • 1888-11-24 Rudolf Klein-Rogge, German actor and prototype for silent films master criminal (Metropolis, Spies), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1890-01-28 Robert Stroud, American convict, "Birdman of Alcatraz", born in Seattle Washington (d. 1963)

Person of interestPretty Boy Floyd

1904-02-03 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, American gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal, born in Adairsville, Georgia (d. 1934)

  • 1910-12-19 Jean Genet, criminal/novelist/dramatist (The Blacks), born in Paris, France
  • 1911-02-20 Margot Grahame [Margaret Clark], British actress (The Three Musketeers, Criminal Lawyer), born in Canterbury, England (d. 1982)
  • 1915-04-03 Paul Touvier, French-Nazi WW II criminal, born in Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron, France (d. 1996)
  • 1923-06-26 Barbara Graham, American criminal convicted of murder, born in Oakland, California (d. 1955)
  • 1925-01-17 Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher, K.K.K. member and murderer, born in Philadelphia, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • 1927-04-12 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder
  • 1929-08-08 Ronnie Biggs, English criminal (Great Train Robbery of 1963), born in Stockwell
  • 1931-07-05 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish American gangster (inspiration for Jimmy Conway character in Goodfellas), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1931-09-03 Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (The Boston Strangler), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • 1933-05-24 Tony Mullett, dir-general (National Criminal Intelligence Service)
  • 1933-09-16 Jim Gilbert, British artist and criminal, born in London (d. 1995)

Person of interestCharles Manson

1934-11-12 Charles Manson, American criminal, murderer and cult leader (Manson Family), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2017)

Murderer Charles Manson
Murderer
Charles Manson
  • 1936-12-28 Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1937-05-06 Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, American boxer (famous murder conviction overturned after 19 years imprisonment), born in Clifton, New Jersey (d. 2014)
  • 1938-09-30 Salvatore Michael Caruana, Mass, criminal (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1941-03-09 Ernesto Miranda, American litigant, conviction on kidnapping, rape, and armed robbery charges, born in Mesa, Arizona (d. 1976)
  • 1941-06-23 Richard M. Richie Roberts, American former Marine and New Jersey Police Detective, Criminal Defense Attorney
  • 1950-01-24 Daniel Auteuil, French actor (Elegant Criminal, Manon of Spring), born in Algiers, Algeria
  • 1950-08-21 Arthur Bremer, American criminal who shot George Wallace in May 1972 leaving him paralyzed, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1954-11-17 Mark "Chopper" Read, Australian criminal and crime author (Chopper: From the Inside), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)
  • 1956-11-15 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • 1958-05-29 Willem Holleeder, Dutch criminal
  • 1959-01-31 Anthony LaPaglia, Australian actor (Criminal Justice, Without a Trace), born in Adelaide, Australia
  • 1960-07-11 Ariel Castro, Puerto Rican-born American criminal famous for kidnapping 3 women between 2002-4, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico (d. 2013)
  • 1961-01-31 Fatou Bensouda, Gambian lawyer & Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, born in Banjul, Gambia
  • 1961-12-22 Andrew Fastow, US convicted criminal and businessman (former CFO of Enron), born in Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1962-09-26 Peter Foster, Australian career criminal and con man, born in Queensland, Australia
  • 1966-09-19 Eric Robert Rudolph, American criminal (domestic terrorist convicted with series of bombings), born in Merritt Island, Florida
  • 1967-03-17 Barry Minkow, American religious leader and ex-convict (fraud)
  • 1969-11-13 Lori Berenson, American criminal
  • 1981-12-16 Took Leng How, Malaysian criminal (d. 2006)

Famous Deaths

  • 1725-05-24 Jonathan Wild, English criminal (b. 1682)
  • 1857-05-11 Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal & police detective, dies at 81
  • 1865-05-30 William Clarke Quantrill, criminal/Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
  • 1915-08-17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob in Georgia at 31

Person of interestPretty Boy Floyd

1934-10-22 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, American gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal, shot dead at 30 by the FBI in Ohio

  • 1935-01-16 Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
  • 1955-04-30 Rudolf Klein-Rogge, German actor and prototype for silent films master criminal (Metropolis, Spies), dies at 69
  • 1955-06-03 Barbara Graham, American criminal convicted of murder, dies at 31
  • 1956-11-22 Vincent de Moro-Giafferi, French criminal attorney, dies at 77
  • 1963-11-21 Robert Stroud, American convict "Birdman of Alcatraz", dies at 73
  • 1967-09-19 Monica Proietti, Canadian criminal (b. 1940)
  • 1973-11-25 Albert DeSalvo, American criminal (The Boston Strangler), stabbed to death in prison at 42
  • 1976-01-31 Ernesto Miranda, American litigant, conviction on kidnapping, rape, and armed robbery charges, stabbed to death at 34
  • 1982-01-01 Margot Grahame [Margaret Clark], British actress (The Three Musketeers, Criminal Lawyer), dies from chronic bronchitis at 70
  • 1986-04-15 Jean Genet, French criminal & writer, dies at 75
  • 1991-06-27 Klas Bruinsma, leader criminal organization, murdered
  • 1992-04-21 Robert Harris, American criminal and murderer, executed in a gas chamber at 39 in San Quentin State Prison, California
  • 1993-01-01 June Clayworth, American actress (Bodyguard, Criminal Court), dies of lymphoma at 87
  • 1993-01-04 Joe Keenan, actor (Conviction of Kitty Dodd), dies of cancer at 69
  • 1993-05-14 Patrick Haemers, Belgian criminal, commits suicide at 40
  • 1994-08-14 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder, dies at 67
  • 1995-01-06 Edward Sutcliffe, judge (British Central Criminal Court), dies at 77
  • 1995-01-28 Jim Gilbert, British artist and criminal, dies at 61
  • 1996-04-13 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish-American gangster, dies at 64
  • 1996-07-17 Paul Touvier, French-Nazi WW II criminal, dies at 81
  • 2003-06-21 Jason Moran, Australian criminal (b. 1967)
  • 2003-08-28 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (failed) (b. 1956)
  • 2008-02-20 Larry Davis (criminal)
  • 2010-04-19 Carl Williams, Australian criminal (b. 1970)
  • 2011-09-19 Thomas Capano, attorney, criminal (b. 1949)
  • 2013-02-28 Bruce Reynolds, English criminal, dies at 81
  • 2013-09-03 Ariel Castro, Puerto Rican-born American criminal famous for kidnapping 3 women between 2002-4, commits suicide 1 month into his life sentence at 53
  • 2013-10-09 Mark "Chopper" Read, Australian criminal and crime author (Chopper: From the Inside), dies from liver cancer at 58
  • 2014-04-20 Rubin "Hurricane" Carter, American boxer (famous murder conviction overturned after 19 years imprisonment), dies of prostate cancer at 76

Person of interestCharles Manson

2017-11-19 Charles Manson, American criminal, murderer and cult leader (Manson Family), dies of natural causes at 83

Murderer Charles Manson
Murderer
Charles Manson
  • 2018-01-11 Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher, K.K.K. member and murderer, dies at 92