The History of War Crimes

War Crimes: War Criminals

Related Topics: War

Historical Events

  • 1942-09-12 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-09-11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-09-05 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1946-09-30 22 Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials
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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-02-01 USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • 1956-02-01 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1961-04-11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in World War II begins in Jerusalem, Israel
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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-12-12 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • 1961-12-15 Adolf Eichmann is sentenced to death for war crimes in Israel
  • 1962-06-01 SS officer Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel after being found guilty of war crimes
  • 1965-03-25 West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution
  • 1971-01-26 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts law against limitation of war crimes
  • 1983-02-06 Trial of former Gestapo commandant Klaus Barbie begins in France for war crimes during World War II
  • 1987-04-20 US deports Karl Linnas to USSR, charged with Nazi war crimes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999-05-27 The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia indicts Slobodan Milošević and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milošević
  • 2001-04-01 Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.
  • 2002-02-12 The trial of former President of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević begins at the United Nations war crimes tribunal in The Hague. He eventually dies four years later before its conclusion.
  • 2002-07-01 The International Criminal Court is established to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression
  • 2005-12-08 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police.
  • 2008-07-10 Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all charges by a UN Tribunal accusing him of war crimes
  • 2009-03-04 International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur becoming the first sitting head of state to be indicted
  • 2014-05-23 Russia and China veto the U.N. Security Council resolution to establish an International Criminal Court for war crimes in Syria
  • 2014-12-13 Fatou Bensouda, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, criticizes UN Security Council for its lack of action over war crimes in the Darfur region of Sudan
  • 2016-09-19 Aid convoy into Urum al-Kubra, Syria attacked by air strikes, UN denounces as a war crime
  • 2019-07-08 Congolese general and rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in the Hague

Famous Birthdays

  • 1913-11-28 Hugo Pos, Surinamese-Dutch poet and writer, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 2000)

Person of interestRatko Mladić

1942-03-12 Ratko Mladić, Bosnian Serb general during the Bosnian War (found guilty of war crimes 2017), born in Božanovići, Croatia

Serbian General Ratko Mladić
Serbian General
Ratko Mladić
  • 1955-10-12 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, born in Tkon, Croatia

Famous Deaths

  • 1945-10-06 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45
  • 1946-02-23 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya," executed for war crimes by hanging at 60
  • 1946-06-01 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician, is executed after having been convicted of war crimes
  • 1948-06-02 Karl Brandt, German physician of Adolf Hitler, hanged for war crimes at 44

BattleHideki Tojo

1948-12-23 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), hanged for war crimes at 64

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo