On This Day

What Happened in 1377

Historical Events

  • Jan 17 Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon
  • Feb 3 Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI
  • May 22 Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe
  • Jun 22 Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England
  • Jun 29 French raid at Rye, England
  • Jun 30 Foundation stone laid for Ulm Minster, in Ulm, Germany. Will not be completed until 1890, when it becomes the tallest church in the world.
  • Jul 27 First example of quarantine in Rugusa (now Dubroknik); city council passes law saying newcomers from plague areas must isolation for 30 days (later 40 days, quaranta in Italian)

Famous People Born in 1377

  • Feb 11 King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
  • Aug 1 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan, 100th Emperor of Japan (d. 1433)
  • Aug 20 Shahrukh Mirza, Ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (1405-47), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1447)
  • Sep 19 Albert IV, Duke of Austria, born in Vienna (d. 1404)
  • Dec 5 Jianwen, 2nd Emperor of the Ming Empire (1398-1402), born in China (d. 1402)

World Leaders in 1377