- Sep 23 Battle of Othée; victory of John the Fearless, duke of Burgundy over Liège.
- Dec 5 Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow
- Dec 12 Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created on December 12, 1408 by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia.
- James I
King of Scotland
- Feb 20 Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman, dies at 66
- May 24 Taejo of Joseon [Yi Seong-gye], King of Joseon (1392-98), dies at 72
- May 31 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun, dies at 49
- Sep 22 Johannes VII Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (1376-77, 90/1404-8), dies