On This Day

What Happened in 1453

Historical Events in 1453

  • Jan 6 Emperor Frederik III becomes archduke of Austria
  • Apr 2 Turkish forces under Sultan Mehmed II begin the siege of Constantinople (İstanbul), which falls May 29
  • Apr 21 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • May 29 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Mehmed II; ends the Byzantine Empire
  • May 29 French banker Jacques Coeur's possessions confiscated
  • Jul 4 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau
  • Jul 17 Battle of Castillon: French army beats English force under Talbot, turning point of the 100 Years' War
  • Jul 23 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion
  • Oct 19 French retake Bordeaux following the Battle of Castillon

Famous People Born in 1453

  • Sep 1 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general (d. 1515)
  • Oct 13 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)

Famous People Who Died in 1453

  • Feb 28 Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • May 29 Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor, dies at 49
  • Jul 17 John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, English military leader
  • Jul 20 Enguerrand de Monstrelet, French chronicler
  • Dec 24 John Dunstable, English composer, dies