On This Day

What Happened in 1556

Historical Events

  • Jan 23 Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest ever recorded, kills 830,000 in Shaanxi Province, China
  • Nov 5 Second Battle of Panipat: Hindu Emperor of north India Hem Chandra Vikramaditya defeated by forces of Mughal Emperor Akbar, who captures and later beheads Hem Chandra
  • More Historical Events

Famous People Born in 1556

  • Jan 8 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai daimyō, born in Echigo Province (d. 1623)
  • Jan 27 Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • Feb 7 Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren
  • Feb 21 Sethus Calvisius, German composer, born in Gorsleben (d. 1615)
  • Mar 7 Guillaume du Vair, French writer and thinker, born in Paris (d. 1621)

More Famous Birthdays

Famous People in 1556

Famous People Who Died in 1556

  • Mar 19 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
  • Mar 21 Thomas Cranmer, English reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), burned at stake at 66
  • Apr 18 Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • May 28 Saitō Dōsan, Japanese daimyo (b. 1494?)
  • Jun 10 Martin Agricola [M Sore], German composer/cantor, dies

More Famous Deaths