On This Day

What Happened in 1631

Historical Events

  • Jan 23 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • Feb 5 Founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England
  • May 17 Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg
  • May 18 English colony Massachusetts Bay grants Puritan voting right
  • May 18 John Winthrop is elected 1st Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • May 20 Magdeburg in Germany seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire under earl Johann Tilly, most inhabitants massacred, one of the bloodiest incidents of the Thirty Years' War
  • May 30 The Treaty of Fontainebleau signed between Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, and the Kingdom of France, establishing a secret alliance between them during the Thirty Years' War.
  • Jun 17 Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal
  • Jun 19 Peace of Cherasco: Charles de Gonzaga-Nevers becomes duke of Mantua
  • Jun 20 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates
  • More Historical Events

Famous People Born in 1631

  • Mar 16 René Le Bossu, French critic (d. 1680)
  • Apr 6 Vincenzo De Grandis, composer
  • Apr 8 Cornelis de Heem, Dutch painter, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1695)
  • Jul 15 Jens Juel, Danish diplomat (d. 1700)
  • Aug 19 John Dryden, English poet (1st Poet Laureate 1668-1700), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1700) [OS=Aug 9]

More Famous Birthdays

World Leaders in 1631