On This Day

What Happened in August 1642

Historical Events

Scientific Discovery

Aug 13 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Mars' southern polar cap

  • Aug 14 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia
  • Aug 22 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Feb 25, 1643]
  • Aug 14 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • Aug 21 Johann Friedrich Treiber, German historian and composer, born in Osthausen, Arnstadt, Germany (d. 1719)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 18 Guido Reni, Italian Baroque painter, dies at 66