On This Day

What Happened in July 1644

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Ulrich Megerle], German Augustinian friar and preacher, born in Kreenheinstetten, Germany (d. 1709)
  • Jul 12 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar and linguist (David's holy saint graduals), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1711)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 William Gascoigne, English astronomer and mathematician (introduced telescopic sights), is killed in the Battle of Marston Moor at 24
  • Jul 29 Urban VIII [Maffeo Barberini], Pope (1623-44), dies