On This Day

What Happened in 1659

Historical Events

  • Jan 14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • Jan 24 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
  • Feb 16 1st known cheque written (£400), now on display at Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 22 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament
  • May 22 France, England & Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
  • May 25 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname "Tumbledown Dick" as a result of his abrupt fall from power
  • May 31 Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • Jun 29 The Russians, led by Prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • Aug 10 Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb has his brother and competitor for the throne Dara Shukoh executed on religious grounds
  • More Historical Events

Did You Know?

Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in US)

On September 30, 1659

Famous People Born in 1659

  • Jan 17 Antonio Veracini, Italian violinist and Baroque composer, born in Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (now Italy) (d. 1733)
  • Jan 21 Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect
  • Feb 1 Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch navigator and explorer (1st European to discover Easter Island), born in Middleburg, Netherlands (d. 1729)
  • Mar 8 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, born in Niort, France (d. 1738)
  • May 16 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist

More Famous Birthdays

Famous People in 1659

World Leaders in 1659