On This Day

What Happened in January 1709

Historical Events


Historic CommunicationGreat Frost of 1709

Jan 5 The Great Frost begins during the night, a sudden cold snap that remains Europe's coldest ever winter. Thousands are killed across the continent and crops fail in France.

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Le lagon gelé en 1709, painted by Gabriele Bella, showing part of a lagoon which froze in Venice in 1709
Le lagon gelé en 1709, painted by Gabriele Bella, showing part of a lagoon which froze in Venice in 1709
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  • Jan 11 Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools" premieres in London

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 22 Joseph Riepel, Austrian-born German composer, born in Rainbach im Mühlkreis (d. 1782)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 20 François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France, dies at 84
  • Jan 24 George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)