On This Day

What Happened in October 1739

Historical Events

  • Oct 3 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • Oct 19 England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30]

Declaration of War

Oct 23 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain

  • Oct 30 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 24 Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, German princess and composer (patron of Classical Weimar court), born in Wolfenbüttel (d. 1807)
  • Oct 27 Franz Ignaz Kaa, German composer, born in Offenburg, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1818)
  • Oct 30 Grigory Potemkin, Russian military leader, statesman and favorite of Catherine the Great, born in Chizhovo near Smolensk (d. 1791)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 18 Antônio José da Silva, Brazilian-born dramatist (b. 1705)