What Happened in April 1775

Historical Events

  • Apr 14 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia

Historic Event

Apr 18 Paul Revere and William Dawes ride from Charlestown to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

The Shot Heard Round the World

Apr 19 American Revolution begins in Lexington, Massachusetts. The "Shot Heard Round the World" takes place later that day in Concord

  • Apr 19 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • Apr 19 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison
  • Apr 19 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

Music History

Apr 23 Opera "Il Ré Pastore" (The Shepherd King) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is first produced in Salzburg


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Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 7 Francis C Lowell, founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • Apr 8 Adam Albert von Neipperg, Austrian general and Napoleon's wife Marie's lover and later husband, born in Vienna (d. 1829)
  • Apr 11 Charles-Francois Dumonchau, French pianist and composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1820)
  • Apr 21 Alexander Anderson, American engraver and illustrator (Shakespeare), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • Apr 22 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), born in Dreierwalde, Münster (d. 1831)

J. M. W. Turner

Apr 23 J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter (Shipwreck, Rain, Steam and Speed), born in Covent Garden, London (d. 1851)


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