On This Day

What Happened in April 1775

Historical Events

  • Apr 14 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Paul Revere and William Dawes ride from Charlestown to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • Apr 19 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon

USAThe Shot Heard Round the World

Apr 19 American Revolution begins in Lexington, Massachusetts. The "Shot Heard Round the World" took place in Concord later that day

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'Battle on Lexington Green' as painted by William Barnes Wollen
'Battle on Lexington Green' as painted by William Barnes Wollen
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  • Apr 19 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison
  • Apr 19 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 23 Opera "Il Ré Pastore" (The Shepherd King) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is first produced in Salzburg

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 7 Francis C Lowell, founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • Apr 8 Adam Albert von Neipperg, Austrian general and Napoleon's wife Marie's lover and later husband, born in Vienna (d. 1829)
  • Apr 11 Charles-Francois Dumonchau, French pianist and composer, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1820)
  • Apr 21 Alexander Anderson, American engraver and illustrator (Shakespeare), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • Apr 22 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), born in Dreierwalde, Münster (d. 1831)

Person of interestJ. M. W. Turner

Apr 23 J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter (Shipwreck, Rain, Steam and Speed), born in Covent Garden, London (d. 1851)

Romantic Painter J. M. W. Turner
Romantic Painter
J. M. W. Turner