On This Day

What Happened in July 1775

Historical Events

  • Jul 3 George Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts

Historic Event

Jul 5 Second Continental Congress drafts the Olive Branch Petition to King George III

Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms

Jul 6 Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms", listing grievances but denying intent to be independent

Historic Event

Jul 10 Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army

  • Jul 17 1st military hospital approved

Historic Event

Jul 26 US Continental Congress creates United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

Historic Event

Jul 30 Captain James Cook with Resolution returns to England

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 5 William Crotch, English composer, born in Norwich, Norfolk, England (d. 1847)
  • Jul 9 Matthew Lewis, English novelist (The Monk), born in London (d. 1818)
  • Jul 17 August Harder, German composer, born in Schönerstädt (d. 1813)
  • Jul 23 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • Jul 24 Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal and police detective, born in Arras, France (d. 1857)
  • Jul 25 Anna Symmes Harrison, 9th 1st lady (1841), born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1864)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Colonel Thomas Gardner, American heroic political figure and soldier, dies at 51
  • Jul 11 Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)