On This Day

What Happened in October 1775

Historical Events

Historic Event

Oct 8 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from the Continental Army

  • Oct 13 First US Navy forms when Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet [1]
  • Oct 16 Portland, Maine burned by British

Historic Event

Oct 18 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery

  • Oct 27 US Navy forms as the Continental Navy

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 12 Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1863)
  • Oct 15 Bernhard Henrik Crusell, Swedish-Finnish composer, born in Uusikaupunki, Finland (d. 1838)
  • Oct 21 Guiseppi Baini, composer
  • Oct 27 Traugott Maximilian Eberwein, German composer, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1831)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • Oct 18 Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • Oct 21 Peyton Randolph, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1721)