On This Day

What Happened in August 1778

Historical Events

  • Aug 3 Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan

Historic Event

Aug 9 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering Straits

  • Aug 26 First recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia by Balthasar Hacquet
  • Aug 31 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 11 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, German educator and founder of the turnverein (gymnastics) movement, born in Lanz, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • Aug 12 Francis Horner, politician
  • Aug 20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 4 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor of New France, dies at 79
  • Aug 5 Thomas Linley the younger, English composer and musician "English Mozart", dies at 22
  • Aug 5 Charles Clémencet, French historian (b. 1703)
  • Aug 11 Augustus Montague Toplady, British hymn writer (Rock of Ages), dies at 37
  • Aug 12 Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b. 1714)
  • Aug 28 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/shipminister, dies