On This Day

What Happened in July 1778

Historical Events

  • Jul 3 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 3 Prussia declares war on Austria
  • Jul 8 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army

Declaration of War

Jul 10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 7 Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini, Italian-French composer and music publisher, born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (now Italy) (d. 1866)
  • Jul 10 Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm, Austrian composer and royal chaplain master, born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1858)
  • Jul 28 Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1869)
  • Jul 29 Carl Borromaus Neuner, German composer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1830)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher, eminent political theorist, and writer whose influential works inspired French Revolution leaders and Romantic academics (Confession), dies of cerebral bleeding from a stroke at 66
  • Jul 2 Bathsheba Spooner, American first woman executed after US Independence for arranging husband's murder, hanged while pregnant at 32
  • Jul 3 Anna Maria Pertl Mozart, mother of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (b. 1720)
  • Jul 28 Arvid Niclas von H√∂pken, Swedish nobleman, soldier, and composer (Il Re Pastore), dies at 68