On This Day

What Happened in January 1781

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • Jan 4 Andre Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Jan 5 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold
  • Jan 6 Battle of Jersey: Major Francis Peirson and his men defeat invading French troops
  • Jan 20 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 29 Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres in Munich

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 20 Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (d. 1848)
  • Jan 22 Francois-Antoine Habeneck, composer
  • Jan 26 Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim, German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • Jan 30 Adelbert von Chamisso, French writer (Peter Schlemihl), born in Champagne (d. 1838)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 12 Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (b. 1691)
  • Jan 15 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (b. 1718)
  • Jan 17 Marie de Negre Dables, marquess, dies
  • Jan 22 Johann Siebenkas, composer, dies at 66