On This Day

What Happened in March 1781

Historical Events


USAArticles of Confederation

Mar 1 Continental Congress officially adopts the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America after ratification by the 13th state, Maryland
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The Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America
The Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States of America

InventionScientific Discovery

Mar 13 William Herschel sees what he thinks is a "comet" but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel

BattleBattle of Interest

Mar 15 Battle of Guilford Court House; British troops under Cornwallis defeat American forces but their heavy losses led to ceding of territory and a strategic loss

US General Nathanael Greene
US General
Nathanael Greene
  • Mar 18 Charles Messier rediscovers global cluster M92

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 4 Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869)
  • Mar 11 Anthony Philip Heinrich, composer
  • Mar 12 Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1826)
  • Mar 13 Karl Friedrich Schinkel, German architect, city planner and painter (Altes Museum, Neue Wache), born in Neuruppin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (d. 1841)
  • Mar 17 Dominique J de Eerens, governor-general of Neth Indies
  • Mar 17 Ebenezer Elliott, British Poet. Know as the "Corn Law Rhymer'" (d. 1849)
  • Mar 18 Gustave Vogt, French composer, born in Strasbourg (d. 1870)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 18 Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)