On This Day

What Happened in April 1783

Historical Events

Election of Interest

Apr 2 William Cavendish-Bentinck becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after an opposition coalition of Henry Fox and Frederick North forces William Petty to resign

  • Apr 3 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce

Historic Event

Apr 8 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea

  • Apr 9 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • Apr 11 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War [1]
  • Apr 15 American Revolution: the Continental Congress ratified preliminary articles of peace, ending the seven-year-long war with Great Britain.

Historic Event

Apr 18 American Revolution: George Washington issues General Order announcing the end of hostilities with Britain, giving thanks to the Almighty, and offering congratulations and authorizing an extra ration of alcohol to the troops to celebrate [1]


Famous Birthdays

Washington Irving

Apr 3 Washington Irving, American writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York (d. 1859)

  • Apr 8 John Claudius Loudon, Scottish horticulturist, born in Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • Apr 10 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), born in Paris (d. 1837)
  • Apr 29 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1856)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 7 Ignaz Jakob Holzbauer, Austrian composer, dies at 71
  • Apr 10 František Václav Habermann, Czech composer, dies at 76
  • Apr 11 Nikita I Panin, Russian earl/ambassador in Denmark, dies at 64
  • Apr 16 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, dies at 63