Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopold II promulgates a penal reform, making his the 1st state to abolish the death penalty. November 30 commemorated as Cities for Life Day.
- Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), dies of typhus at 40
Day of the Week: Thursday
How Long Ago? 234 years and 8 months
Leap Year: No
Star Sign: Sagittarius