What Happened in January 1788

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • Jan 1 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
  • Jan 9 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US constitution
  • Jan 18 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
  • Jan 20 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Georgia
  • Jan 24 French La Pérouse expedition arrives in Botany Bay, Australia, meeting the newly arrived "First Fleet" penal colony

British Empire

Jan 26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day. Referred to as Invasion Day by some First Nations people.

  • Jan 28 Lord Gordon found guilty of libel of Queen of France

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 5 Kaspar Ett, German organist & composer, born in Eresing, Germany (d. 1847)
  • Jan 8 Archduke Rudolph of Austria, Austrian clergyman & noble, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1831)
  • Jan 8 Erik Drake, Swedish composer (Royal Swedish Academy of Music), born on Föllingsö, Östergötland (d. 1870)
  • Jan 8 Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general & politician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1874)
  • Jan 11 William Thomas Brande, English chemist (d. 1866)
  • Jan 13 Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz, composer

Lord Byron

Jan 22 Lord Byron [George Gordon Byron], English romantic poet (Don Juan), born in London (d. 1824)


Famous Deaths

  • Jan 5 Johann Schneider, German composer and pupil of Bach, dies at 85
  • Jan 11 François Joseph Paul de Grasse, French admiral (commanded the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake), dies at 64
  • Jan 14 François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
  • Jan 15 Gaetano Latilla, composer, dies at 77
  • Jan 17 Alessio Prati, Italian composer, dies at 37

Bonnie Prince Charlie

Jan 31 Bonnie Prince Charlie [Charles Edward Stuart], English pretender to throne (Jacobite rebellion), dies of a stroke at 67

  • Jan 31 Francesco Zannetti, Italian composer, dies at 50