On This Day

What Happened in July 1789

Historical Events

  • Jul 4 1st US tariff act signed by President Washington
  • Jul 6 French Revolution: the National Assembly forms a committee of thirty members to write a new constitution
  • Jul 9 French Revolution: the National Assembly renames itself the National Constituent Assembly

Historic Event

Jul 11 French King Louis XVI dismisses finance minister Jacques Necker, sparking riots in Paris

France Celebrates Bastille Day

Jul 14 Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille Prison in Paris (now celebrated as France's national day)

  • Jul 15 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris

Historic Event

Jul 16 French King Louis XVI reinstates Jacques Necker as finance minister following riots at his dismissal

  • Jul 27 US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 6 María Isabella of Spain, Queen of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1848)
  • Jul 19 John Martin, English painter and engraver, born in Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England (d. 1854)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Cláudio Manuel da Costa, Brazilian poet, dies at 59
  • Jul 13 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, dies at 73
  • Jul 14 Jacques de Flesselles, French provost, shot and killed in the early days of the French Revolution at 58
  • Jul 14 Bernard-René de Launay, French governor of the Bastille prison, murdered during the storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
  • Jul 15 Jacques Duphly, French composer and harpsichordist, dies at 74
  • Jul 22 Joseph-François Foulon, French politician, dies at 74