On This Day

What Happened in July 1790

Historical Events

  • Jul 9 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet
  • Jul 12 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state

French Revolution

Jul 14 The Fête de la Fédération, attended by Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, is held across France on the first anniversary of the French Revolution

  • Jul 16 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • Jul 26 US Congress passes the Funding Act of 1790 making the federal government responsible for debts incurred by the states

Appointment of Interest

Jul 28 Henry James Pye appointed as British Poet Laureate by King George III

  • Jul 31 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 4 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest, born in Gwernvale, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1866)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 7 Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • Jul 14 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal, dies at 73

Adam Smith

Jul 17 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

  • Jul 25 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German educational reformer, dies at 66
  • Jul 25 William Livingston, American politician and 1st revolutionary Governor of New Jersey, dies at 66
  • Jul 31 Johann Christian Frischmuth, German composer, dies at 48