On This Day

What Happened in March 1791

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris
  • Mar 3 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • Mar 3 Congress establishes US Mint
  • Mar 4 First Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • Mar 4 President Washington calls the US Senate into its first special session
  • Mar 4 Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • Mar 10 John Stone of Concord, Massachusetts, patents a pile driver
  • Mar 10 Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
  • Mar 11 Samuel Mulliken is 1st to obtain more than one US patent

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Mar 18 Robert Burns poem “Tam o’ Shanter,” is published in the "Edinburgh Herald"

Poet and Lyricist Robert Burns
Poet and Lyricist
Robert Burns
  • Mar 21 Captain Hopley Yeaton becomes 1st commissioned officer in the Revenue Marine, later the Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the modern US Coast Guard

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 6 Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter of miniatures, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)
  • Mar 9 George Hayward, American surgeon, 1st to use ether (d. 1863)
  • Mar 15 Charles Knight, English publisher (The Penny Cyclopaedia), born in Windsor, England (d. 1873)
  • Mar 31 Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki, Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1862)

Famous Deaths


Person of interestJohn Wesley

Mar 2 John Wesley, English co-founder of Methodism dies at 87 (b. 1703)

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • Mar 14 Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)