On This Day

What Happened in March 1791

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris
  • Mar 3 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • Mar 3 Congress establishes US Mint
  • Mar 4 First Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
  • Mar 4 President Washington calls the US Senate into its first special session
  • Mar 4 Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
  • Mar 10 John Stone of Concord, Massachusetts, patents a pile driver
  • Mar 10 Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
  • Mar 11 Samuel Mulliken is 1st to obtain more than one US patent

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Mar 18 Robert Burns poem “Tam o’ Shanter,” is published in the "Edinburgh Herald"

  • Mar 21 Captain Hopley Yeaton becomes 1st commissioned officer in the Revenue Marine, later the Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the modern US Coast Guard

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 6 Anna Claypoole Peale, painted miniatures
  • Mar 9 George Hayward, American surgeon, 1st to use ether (d. 1863)
  • Mar 15 Charles Knight, English publisher (The Penny Cyclopaedia), born in Windsor, England (d. 1873)
  • Mar 31 Franciszek Wincenty Mirecki, composer

Famous Deaths


Person of interestJohn Wesley

Mar 2 John Wesley, English co-founder of Methodism dies at 87 (b. 1703)

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • Mar 14 Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)