On This Day

What Happened in September 1791

Historical Events

French Revolution

Sep 3 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

Music Premiere

Sep 6 Mozart's opera "La Clemenza di Tito" premieres in Prague

Historic Event

Sep 13 France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution

  • Sep 30 Mozart's opera "Magic Flute", with German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder, premieres at Schikaneder's Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, Austria

Historic Event

Sep 30 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots


Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 1 Lydia Sigourney, American religious author (How to Be Happy)
  • Sep 3 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1862)
  • Sep 5 Giacomo Meyerbeer, German opera composer (Gott und die Natur - God and Nature), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1864)
  • Sep 20 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Semejnaja chronika), born in Ufa, Russian Empire (d. 1859) [NS 10/01]

Michael Faraday

Sep 22 Michael Faraday, English scientist, discovered electromagnetic induction, invented 1st electric motor, born in Newington Butts, England (d. 1867)

  • Sep 23 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Encke Comet)
  • Sep 23 Karl T Korner, German poet (Zriny, Leyer und Schwerdt)
  • Sep 26 Théodore Géricault, French painter (The Raft of the Medusa), born in Rouen, Normandy, France (d. 1824)

Famous Weddings

  • Sep 6 Emma, Lady Hamilton (26) marries Sir William Hamilton (60) at St Marylebone Parish Church in London

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 17 Tomás de Iriarte, Spanish writer (Fabulas Literarias), dies at 40
  • Sep 25 William Bradford, American printer (b. 1719)