On This Day

What Happened in April 1792

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
  • Apr 2 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

BattleDeclaration of War

Apr 14 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • Apr 20 Amidst the French Revolution, France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars

BattleExecution

Apr 21 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro

Brazilian Revolutionary Tiradentes
Brazilian Revolutionary
Tiradentes
  • Apr 25 Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier
  • Apr 25 "La Marseillaise", later the national anthem of France, is composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 4 Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R), born in Danville, Vermont (d. 1868)
  • Apr 12 John George Lambton, British statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • Apr 23 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • Apr 25 John Keble, Anglican priest and founder (Oxford Movement), born in Fairford, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1886)
  • Apr 30 Johann Friedrich Schwencke, German composer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1852)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 3 George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • Apr 4 James Sykes, American politician (b. 1725)
  • Apr 14 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)

BattleTiradentes

Apr 21 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary and independence fighter (Inconfidência Mineira) considered a national hero, hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro at 45

Brazilian Revolutionary Tiradentes
Brazilian Revolutionary
Tiradentes
  • Apr 23 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer, dies at 50
  • Apr 25 Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, German composer, dies at 54
  • Apr 25 Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined
  • Apr 30 Hans Adolf Friedrich von Eschstruth, composer, dies at 36
  • Apr 30 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, dies at 73