What Happened in July 1794

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 Second Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • Jul 17 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church

Coup d'état

Jul 27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

  • Jul 28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • Jul 29 African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • Jul 31 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 3 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • Jul 5 Sylvester Graham, Minister and noted vegetarian (developed Graham cracker), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1851)
  • Jul 14 John Gibson Lockhart [Scorpion], Scottish biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1854)
  • Jul 24 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1865)
  • Jul 26 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, born in Husum, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • Jul 28 Ignaz Bösendorfer, Austrian musician, and piano maker, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1859)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Franz Xaver Pokorny, Czech composer, dies at 64
  • Jul 7 Pascal Boyer, French composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 17 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, executed by guillotine after false charges of treason during French Revolution at 45 [1]
  • Jul 17 John Roebuck, English inventor and industrialist (b. 1718)
  • Jul 22 Jean-Benjamin de La Borde, French composer, dies at 59
  • Jul 25 André Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), executed by guillotine during French Revolution at 31
  • Jul 28 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39

Maximilien RobespierreMaximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)

Jul 28 French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36