On This Day

What Happened in July 1794

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 Second Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • Jul 17 Richard Allen organizes Philadelphia's Bethel African Meth Episcopal Church

BattleCoup d'état

Jul 27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Revolutionary
Maximilien Robespierre
  • Jul 28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • Jul 29 African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas in Philadelphia, dedicated
  • Jul 31 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 3 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • Jul 5 Sylvester Graham, Minister and noted vegetarian (developed Graham cracker), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1851)
  • Jul 14 John G Lockhart, [Scorpion], biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • Jul 24 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1865)
  • Jul 26 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, born in Husum, Denmark (d. 1865)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 2 Franz Xaver Thomas Pokorny, composer, dies at 65
  • Jul 7 Pascal Boyer, French composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 17 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, dies at 45
  • Jul 17 John Roebuck, English inventor and industrialist (b. 1718)
  • Jul 22 Jean-Benjamin de La Borde, French composer, dies at 59
  • Jul 25 André Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), executed by guillotine during French Revolution at 31
  • Jul 28 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39

BattleMaximilien Robespierre

Jul 28 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Revolutionary
Maximilien Robespierre