On This Day

What Happened in May 1794

Historical Events

Historic Event

May 6 Haiti, under Toussaint Louverture, revolts against France

  • May 7 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • May 17 Hard frost in southern New England
  • May 18 Battle of Tourcoing; French Republican army defeats a Habsburg coalition bear Lille, France, during War of the First Coalition

Famous Birthdays

  • May 13 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (d. 1835)
  • May 17 Anna Brownell Jameson, Anglo-Irish historian and writer (Loves of the Poets), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1860)
  • May 23 (Isaac) Ignaz Moscheles, Bohemian piano virtuoso, student of Beethoven, teacher of Mendelssohn, and composer, born in Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1870)
  • May 24 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), born in Lancaster, Lancashire, England (d. 1866)

Cornelius Vanderbilt

May 27 Cornelius Vanderbilt, American shipping and railroad magnate (New York Central Railroad), born in Port Richmond, New York (d. 1877)

  • May 29 Johann Heinrich von M√§dler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), born in Berlin (d. 1874)

Famous Deaths

  • May 6 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier, French composer, dies at 59
  • May 8 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), guillotined at 50
  • May 10 √Člisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, beheaded at 30