On This Day

What Happened in May 1794

Historical Events

  • May 6 Haiti, under Toussaint L'Ouverture, revolts against France
  • May 7 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • May 17 Hard frost in southern New England
  • May 18 Second Battle of Bouvines (France-Austria)

Famous Birthdays

  • May 13 Louis-Leopold Robert, French painter (d. 1835)
  • May 17 Anna Brownell Jameson, Anglo-Irish historian and writer (Loves of the Poets), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1860)
  • May 23 Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, Bohemian composer, born in Prague (d. 1870)
  • May 24 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), born in Lancaster, Lancashire, England (d. 1866)
  • May 27 Cornelius Vanderbilt, American shipping and railroad magnate (New York Central Railroad), born in Port Richmond, New York (d. 1877)
  • May 29 Johann Heinrich von M√§dler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), born in Berlin (d. 1874)

Famous Deaths

  • May 6 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier, French composer, dies at 59
  • May 8 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), guillotined at 50
  • May 10 √Člisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, beheaded at 30