On This Day

What Happened in January 1795

Historical Events

  • Jan 16 French army under Pichegru occupies Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Jan 18 French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance
  • Jan 18 Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England
  • Jan 19 Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy

Victory in BattleDutch Fleet Captured

Jan 23 War of the First Coalition: French cavalry captures 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns near the port of Den Helder - rare instance of cavalry capturing a fleet
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Cavalry capturing the Dutch fleet at the battle of Den Helder
Cavalry capturing the Dutch fleet at the battle of Den Helder

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 6 Anselme Payen, French chemist, born in Paris, France (d. 1871)
  • Jan 15 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant & man of letters, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1844)
  • Jan 15 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • Jan 18 Anna Paulowna Romanova, monarch of Russia/daughter of Tsar Paul I

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), dies at 64
  • Jan 13 Francois-Joseph Krafft, composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 19 Maria Teresa Agnesi, composer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Samuel Wallis, English explorer (Wallis Island), dies at 66
  • Jan 26 Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, composer and 5th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, dies at 62