What Happened in July 1796

Historical Events

  • Jul 4 1st Independence Day celebration is held
  • Jul 8 US State Department issues 1st US passport

Scientific Discovery

Jul 10 Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers

  • Jul 22 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleaveland. Originally called 'Cleaveland', the public adopted the current name after a newspaper editor noticed the name was too long to fit on the page.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 3 Nikolai Poveloi, Russian writer and publisher (Sotsjinenija), born in Irkutsk [NS]
  • Jul 6 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), born in Gatchina Palace, Gatchina, Russian Empire (d. 1855)
  • Jul 15 Thomas Bulfinch, mythologist (Bulfinch's Mythology)
  • Jul 16 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)
  • Jul 18 Feargus O'Connor, Leader of English Chartists, born in County Cork (d. 1855)
  • Jul 20 Edward Hodges, English organist and composer, born in Bristol (d. 1867)
  • Jul 23 Franz Berwald, Swedish composer, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1868)
  • Jul 24 Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer and statesman, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1865)
  • Jul 24 John Middleton Clayton, U.S. Secretary of State (1849-50) and U.S. Senator from Delaware, born in Dagsboro, Delaware (d. 1856)
  • Jul 26 George Catlin, American author and painter (American Indian scenes), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)

Walter Hunt

Jul 29 Walter Hunt, American inventor (safety pin, sewing machine), born in Martinsburg, New York (d. 1859)


Famous Deaths

  • Jul 16 George Howard, British field marshal, dies at 78

Robert Burns

Jul 21 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne) considered the national poet of Scotland, dies at 37

  • Jul 30 Nicolas de Pigage, French classical architect, dies at 72