What Happened in February 1797

Historical Events

  • Feb 4 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
  • Feb 12 Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" premieres in Vienna

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 14 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • Feb 18 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby
  • Feb 19 One third of papal domain ceded to France
  • Feb 21 Trinidad, West Indies, surrenders to British
  • Feb 22 The Last Invasion of Britain by the French, begins near Fishguard, Wales
  • Feb 25 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to Welsh women in tall black hats, mistaken for elite guards regiment)
  • Feb 26 Bank of England issues first £1 note

Famous Birthdays

  • Feb 6 Joseph Maria von Radowitz, Prussian minister of Foreign affairs
  • Feb 15 Henry Engelhard Steinway, piano maker (Steinway)
  • Feb 22 William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)
  • Feb 24 Samuel Lover, composer
  • Feb 28 Mary Lyon, American educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • Feb 28 W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral (10 day campaign)

Famous Deaths

  • Feb 8 Johann Friedrich Doles, German composer, pupil of J. S. Bach, dies at 81
  • Feb 11 Antoine Dauvergne, French composer, dies at 83
  • Feb 22 Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
  • Feb 27 Benvenuto Robbio San Raffaele, Italian composer, dies at 61