On This Day

What Happened in January 1797

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Albany replaces New York City as capital of New York
  • Jan 7 First official use of the modern Italian flag (the Tricolor) by the Cispadane Republic
  • Jan 26 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
  • Jan 30 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 4 Wilhelm Beer, German amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • Jan 10 Annette von Droste-H├╝lshoff, German writer & composer, born in Havixbeck, Germany (d. 1848)
  • Jan 12 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • Jan 22 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • Jan 30 Edwin Vose Sumner, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1863)

Franz Schubert

Jan 31 Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (Unfinished Symphony), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1828)


Famous Deaths

  • Jan 11 Francis Lightfoot Lee, American advocate for independence (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • Jan 13 Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
  • Jan 13 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenb├╝ttel-Bevern, Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederik II the Great, dies at 81
  • Jan 30 Johann Abraham Sixt, German organist, harpsichord player, and composer, dies at 40