On This Day

What Happened in March 1799

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 Congress standardizes US weights & measures

Victory in Battle

Mar 6 Napoleon Bonaparte captures city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire

  • Mar 7 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.
  • Mar 12 Austria declares war on France
  • Mar 19 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schöpfung" premieres in Vienna
  • Mar 26 Napoleon captures Jaffa, Palestine
  • Mar 28 New York State abolishes slavery
  • Mar 29 New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Alexey Nikolayevich Verstovsky, composer
  • Mar 7 Frantisek L. Celakovsky, Czech poet (national anthem, folk song)
  • Mar 8 Simon Cameron, U.S. Senator and Secretary of War (Union), born in Maytown, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)

Anna Atkins

Mar 16 Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1871)

  • Mar 20 Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (d. 1839)
  • Mar 22 Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, German astronomer, cataloguer of 324,188 stars, born in Memel, Kingdom of Prussia, (d. 1875)
  • Mar 22 Joseph Saxton, American inventor, watchmaker, and photographer (1st daguerrotype in US), born in Huntington, Pennsylvania (d. 1873)
  • Mar 28 Karl Adolph von Basedow, German artist (Ziekte van Basedow), born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1854)

Edward Smith-Stanley

Mar 29 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England (d. 1869)


Famous Deaths

  • Mar 18 John Randall, British composer, dies at 82
  • Mar 25 Constantin Reindl, German composer, dies at 60
  • Mar 28 Etta L J "baronne" Palm-Aelders, Dutch adventurer/spy, dies at 55