On This Day

What Happened in March 1801

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia

USAThomas Jefferson Elected US President

Mar 4 Thomas Jefferson is the first US President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
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Tally of electoral college votes in the election of 1800. No candidate won a majority, so an election in the House of Representatives took place, with Jefferson winning on the 36th ballot.
Tally of electoral college votes in the election of 1800. No candidate won a majority, so an election in the House of Representatives took place, with Jefferson winning on the 36th ballot.
  • Mar 7 Massachusetts enacts first state voter registration law
  • Mar 8 British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • Mar 10 First official census in Great Britain, revealing a population of approximately 10 million

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 14 Henry Addington becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his friend William Pitt the Younger resigns after being unable to persuade King George III of the need for Catholic Emancipation

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • Mar 24 Aleksandr Pavlovich Romanov becomes Tsar Alexander I of Russia

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 15 Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • Mar 21 Maria Theresa of Tuscany, Queen of Sardinia (d. 1855)
  • Mar 23 Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 14 Christian Friedrich Penzel, German musician and composer, dies at 63
  • Mar 17 Juan de Sesé y Balaguer, Aragonese composer, dies at 64
  • Mar 21 Andrea Lucchesi, Italian composer, dies at 59
  • Mar 23 Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle aged 46
  • Mar 25 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • Mar 25 Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg], German romantic writer ('Heinrich von Ofterdingen), dies at 28
  • Mar 28 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66