On This Day

What Happened in April 1803

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 French law rules the use of intention

Music Premiere

Apr 5 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D, conducted by the composer, in Vienna

  • Apr 26 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France

Treaty of Interest

Apr 30 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA


Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 2 Franz Paul Lachner, German composer, born in Rain, Swabia, Germany (d. 1890)
  • Apr 7 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • Apr 7 James Curtiss, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
  • Apr 14 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1887)
  • Apr 18 Charles Ferdinand Pahud, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (1856-61), born in Amsterdam (d. 1873)
  • Apr 21 Levin Minn Powell, American Commander (Union Navy), born in Winchester, Winchester City, Virginia (d. 1885)
  • Apr 23 Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian minister of Justice, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1888)
  • Apr 27 Alfred Julius Becher, Austrian journalist and composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1848)

James Brooke

Apr 29 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

  • Apr 30 Albrecht von Roon, Prussian soldier and statesman (Minister of War), born in Pleushagen, Poland (d. 1879)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 2 Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch poet of children's poems (Proeve van kleine gedigen voor Kinder), dies at 56

Toussaint Louverture

Apr 7 Toussaint Louverture, Haitian general, revolutionary and most famous of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, dies while in prison in France at about 59

  • Apr 15 Václav Norbert Brixi, Czech organist, composer and priest (aka s Jeroným) dies at 65
  • Apr 18 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), dies at 43