On This Day

What Happened in March 1804

Historical Events

  • Mar 4 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.
  • Mar 9 Georges Cadoudal, Breton royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon in the Pichegru Conspiracy, arrested
  • Mar 17 Friedrich Schiller's play "Wilhelm Tell" premieres
  • Mar 21 Napoleonic Code adopted in France, stresses clearly written and accessible law
  • Mar 26 Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • Mar 26 Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • Mar 28 Ohio passes law restricting movement of Blacks
  • Mar 29 Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 8 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • Mar 14 Johann Strauss the Elder, Viennese violinist and composer (Radetzky March), born in Leopoldstadt, Austria (d. 1849)
  • Mar 17 James Bridger, American scout, fur trader and mountain man par excellence, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1881)
  • Mar 20 Neal Dow, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1897)
  • Mar 30 Salomon Sulzer, Austrian Jewish composer (synagogue music), born in Hohenem, Austria (d. 1890)

Famous Weddings

Thomas Malthus

Mar 13 Economist Thomas Robert Malthus (38) weds Harriet Eckersall in Bath, Somerset

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen, German composer, dies at 63
  • Mar 4 Carl Leopold Röllig, German composer, glass-harmonica player, composer, and inventor (bowed pianos - orphica and xänorphika), dies at about 65 [birth date uncertain]
  • Mar 16 Francisco marquis Albergati Capacelli, Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • Mar 20 Ignaz Malzat, composer, dies at 47
  • Mar 21 Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
  • Mar 30 Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)