On This Day

What Happened in October 1805

Historical Events

  • Oct 14 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 21 Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle.

  • Oct 23 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 23 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • Oct 23 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • Oct 28 John Thomson, Scottish composer, born in Sprouston, Scotland (d. 1841)

Famous Deaths

Person of interestCharles Cornwallis

Oct 5 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), dies of fever at 66

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis
  • Oct 13 Johann Christoph Kuhnau, composer, dies at 70

Person of interestHoratio Nelson

Oct 21 Horatio Nelson, British admiral and war hero, dies in Battle of Trafalgar at 47

  • Oct 21 Johann Baptist Lasser, composer, dies at 54