What Happened in January 1806

Historical Events

Historic Event

Jan 1 Napoléon Bonaparte abolishes the French Republican calendar after 12 years of use

  • Jan 8 Battle of Blaauwberg: British forces attack French vassal, the Batavian Republic near Cape Town, modern day South Africa

Historic Event

Jan 9 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

  • Jan 10 Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
  • Jan 12 French evacuate Vienna
  • Jan 19 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • Jan 30 Prussia takes possession of Hanover
  • Jan 30 The original Lower Trenton Toll Bridge, which spans the Delaware River between Morrisville, Pennsylvania and Trenton, New Jersey, is opened. A later bridge opened in 1935 is also known as the Trenton Makes - the World Takes Bridge.

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 3 (Gertrude) "Henriette" Sontag, later Countess Rossi, German operatic soprano (Carl Maria von Weber's "Euryanthe"), born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1854)
  • Jan 5 André Henri Constant van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium), born in Maastricht, Meuse-Inférieure (d. 1874)
  • Jan 14 Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy), born in Spotsylvania County, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • Jan 14 Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria, born in Dennington, United Kingdom (d. 1855)
  • Jan 17 James Madison Randolph, Jefferson's grandson and the 1st to be born in the White House, born in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 19 Vaclav Jindrich Veit, composer
  • Jan 20 Nathaniel Parker Willis, American writer, editor and founder of the American Monthly Magazine, born in Portland, Maine (d. 1867)
  • Jan 24 Anna Caroline Oury (née De Belleville), German concert pianist and composer, born in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1880)
  • Jan 25 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter, born in Cork, Republic of Ireland (d. 1870)
  • Jan 27 Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Basque child prodigy and composer, born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1826)

Famous Deaths

William Pitt the Younger

Jan 23 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46