On This Day

What Happened in October 1806

Historical Events

  • Oct 7 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • Oct 8 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • Oct 9 Prussia declares war on France
  • Oct 14 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
  • Oct 17 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti is assassinated
  • Oct 27 The French Army enters in Berlin

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 3 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), born in Wells, Vermont (d. 1850)
  • Oct 6 Andreas Randel, Swedish composer, born in Ramdala, Blekinge, Sweden (d. 1864)
  • Oct 11 Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia (1842-58), born in Topola, Serbia (d. 1885)
  • Oct 14 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (1857-63), born in Ogdensburg, New York (d. 1865)
  • Oct 16 William Pitt Fessenden, Secy Treas (Union), (d. 1869)
  • Oct 18 John Breckinridge Grayson, Brig Genl (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Oct 25 Max Stirner [Johann Kaspar Schmidt], German philosopher (Der Einzige), born in Bayreuth, Bavaria (d. 1856)
  • Oct 28 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, French-Swiss botanist, born in Paris (d. 1893)

Famous Weddings

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Oct 14 German writer, artist and politician Johann Wolfgang von Goethe marries mistress Christiane Vulpius in Weimar

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 17 Jean Jacques Dessalines, Emperor of Haiti, dies
  • Oct 23 Franz Seydelmann, German composer, dies at 58

Henry Knox

Oct 25 Henry Knox, American general (Continental Army and later the United States Army) and 1st US Secretary of War (1785-94), dies at 56 after swallowing a chicken bone which lodged in his throat and caused a fatal infection

  • Oct 26 John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
  • Oct 28 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • Oct 31 Sophie Mereau, German writer, dies at 36