On This Day

What Happened in 1809

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Holland Brigade under Brigadier-General David Hendrik Chassé reaches Madrid (Napoleonic Wars)
  • Jan 5 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
  • Jan 6 Napoleonic Wars: Invasion of Cayenne, by combined British, Portuguese and colonial Brazilian forces, begins
  • Jan 12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • Jan 16 Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
  • Jan 20 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • Feb 1 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • Feb 3 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • Feb 8 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • Feb 11 Robert Fulton patents steamboat

More Historical Events

1809 in Music

  • Sep 18 Royal Opera House in London opens

1809 in Sport

  • Apr 18 First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England


World Leaders in 1809

Famous People in 1809

Famous Divorces

  • Dec 16 Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Joséphine by French Senate