On This Day

What Happened in March 1809

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 Embargo Act of 1807 (USA) repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 James Madison becomes 1st US President inaugurated in American-made clothes

  • Mar 22 Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne
  • Mar 28 Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin
  • Mar 29 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 10 William David Porter, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1864)
  • Mar 15 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, 1st President of Liberia
  • Mar 15 Karl Josef von Hefele, German theologian (d. 1893)
  • Mar 19 Fredrik Pacius, composer
  • Mar 24 Joseph Liouville, French discover of transcendental numbers
  • Mar 27 Georges Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, born in Paris (d. 1891)
  • Mar 31 Edward FitzGerald, England, writer (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam)
  • Mar 31 Otto Jonas Lindblad, Swedish composer (Kungssången - Royal Anthem), born in Karlstorp, Sweden (d. 1864)
  • Mar 31 Nikolai Gogol [Nikolay], Ukrainian-born Russian novelist, humorist, and dramatist (Dead Souls, The Inspector-General), born in Sorochintsy, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1852)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 7 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • Mar 9 Jean-Pierre Blanchard, French ballonist (1st balloon flights in England and U.S.), dies at 55
  • Mar 23 Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes, Belgian composer, dies at 60
  • Mar 26 Gabriele Mario Piozzi, Italian tenor and composer, dies at 68
  • Mar 27 Joseph-Marie Vien, French court painter, dies at 92