On This Day

What Happened in October 1809

Historical Events


Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 4 Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after William Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of Portland retires due to ill health

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Anton Emil Titl, Austrian composer, born in Nedvědice (d. 1882)
  • Oct 4 Prince Albert of Prussia, Prussian colonel general, born in Königsberg (d. 1872)
  • Oct 4 Robert Cumming Schenck, American Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Ohio (d. 1890)
  • Oct 11 Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist and lecturer, born in Cohocton, New York (d. 1887)
  • Oct 16 Francesco Schira, composer, born in Island of Malta (d. 1883)
  • Oct 22 Federico Ricci, Italian composer, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1877)
  • Oct 22 Volney E. Howard, American politician, born in Oxford County, Maine (d. 1889)
  • Oct 27 Peter Donders, Dutch Roman Catholic missionary to Suriname, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1887)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Wybo Fijnje, politician/patriot/journalist, dies at 59
  • Oct 8 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, dies at 87

Person of interestMeriwether Lewis

Oct 11 Meriwether Lewis, American explorer, soldier and public administrator who helped lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition, dies of gunshot wounds at 35 under mysterious circumstances that could have been murder or suicide along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee at an inn called Grinder's Stand

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis

Person of interestWilliam Cavendish-Bentinck

Oct 30 William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), dies after an operation to remove a kidney stone at 71

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck