On This Day

What Happened in September 1810

Historical Events

  • Sep 16 Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, calling for the end of Spanish rule (Mexican Independence Day)

Music Premiere

Sep 16 Carl Maria von Weber's opera "Silvana", starring his future wife Carone Brandt in the title role, premieres at the Nationaltheater in Frankfurt, Confederation of the Rhine (now Germany)

  • Sep 18 Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • Sep 26 A new Act of Succession is adopted by the Riksdag of the Estates and Jean Baptiste Bernadotte becomes heir to the Swedish throne.

Victory in Battle

Sep 27 Battle of Bussaco: Arthur Wellesley's Anglo-Portuguese Army defeats a larger French force led by Marshal André Masséna with the French suffering 4,500 dead and wounded


Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 2 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (d. 1897)
  • Sep 3 Paul Kane, Irish-Canadian painter, born in Mallow, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1871)
  • Sep 4 Donald McKay, Canadian-American naval architect (built fastest clipper ships), born in Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1880)
  • Sep 7 Hermann Heinrich Gossen, Prussian economist, born in Düren, Germany (d. 1858)
  • Sep 10 Albert G. Blanchard, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • Sep 20 Alpheus Starkey Williams, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Deep River, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • Sep 29 Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (North and South), born in London, England (d. 1865)

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 9 Johann Baptiste Hagenauer, Austrian sculptor, dies at 78
  • Sep 20 Wouter Johannes van Troostwijk, Dutch painter, dies at 28
  • Sep 28 John Archer, American Congressman who received the 1st medical diploma issued on US continent (1768), dies at 69