What Happened in December 1812

Historical Events

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 2 James Madison re-elected President of the US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Dec 4 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, patents a horse-drawn mower
  • Dec 11 1st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
  • Dec 12 French invasion of Russia comes to an end.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 14 The French Invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 "Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published

  • Dec 29 The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 4 Elias Smith Dennis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • Dec 6 Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (d. 1884)
  • Dec 14 Charles J Canning, English earl/1st viceroy of British-Indies
  • Dec 15 Isidor Dannstrom, composer
  • Dec 16 William Grose, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1900)
  • Dec 18 Wiktor Kazynski, composer
  • Dec 20 Achille Peri, composer
  • Dec 22 Johanne Luise Heiberg, Danish actress (Romeo & Juliet), born in Copenhagen Denmark (d. 1890)
  • Dec 23 Samuel Smiles, Scotland, author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)
  • Dec 23 William Hauser, composer
  • Dec 24 Henry Russell, composer
  • Dec 24 Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist (d. 1894)
  • Dec 26 Wilhelm Volkmar, composer
  • Dec 28 Julius Reitz, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 12 John Malchair, German-born English artist, violinist and composer, dies at 82
  • Dec 13 Marianne von Martinez, composer, dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 20 Sacagawea, Shoshone interpreter for Lewis & Clark, dies at 24

Interpreter and Guide Sacagawea
Interpreter and Guide
  • Dec 23 Michel Delalande, composer, dies at 73
  • Dec 27 Shneur Zalman of Liadi, Lithuanian rabbi and founder of Chabad Hasidism (b. 1745)
  • Dec 27 Joanna Southcott, an English self-described religious prophetess.