On This Day

What Happened in January 1812

Historical Events

Historic Event

Jan 9 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

  • Jan 12 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez

Historic Siege

Jan 19 Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo

  • Jan 23 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 6 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero, born in Caloocan, Philippines (d. 1919)
  • Jan 8 Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, Swiss pianist, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1871)
  • Jan 8 William Henry Holmes, English composer, born in Sudbury, England (d. 1885)
  • Jan 10 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect & educator, born in Torgau, Germany (d. 1881)
  • Jan 13 Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • Jan 13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • Jan 14 Carl Gradener, German composer, born in Rostock, Germany (d. 1883)
  • Jan 15 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1885)
  • Jan 20 Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Leyden, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Jan 20 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • Jan 21 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1875)
  • Jan 31 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1883)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 15 Johannes Herbst, German composer, dies at 76
  • Jan 23 Robert Craufurd, British general, dies at 47
  • Jan 24 Eligio Celestino, composer, dies at 72