On This Day

What Happened in October 1812

Historical Events

  • Oct 13 Battle of Queenstown Heights: British forces defeat United States forces attempting to invade Canada
  • Oct 14 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Napoleon Bonaparte and his Grande Armée begin their retreat from Moscow numbering just 100,000 (started campaign with 500,000)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Oct 22 Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
  • Oct 23 Failed coup against French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Oct 24 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow, French army then forced to retreat through the snow towards Smolensk
  • Oct 25 US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 20 Austin Flint, 19th century heart research pioneer

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 11 Jurriaan François de Friderici, Dutch governor-general of Suriname, dies at 60

Person of interestIsaac Brock

Oct 13 Isaac Brock, English general (conquered Detroit), dies in battle at 43

British Army Officer and Administrator Isaac Brock
British Army Officer and Administrator
Isaac Brock