On This Day

What Happened in January 1813

Historical Events

  • Jan 14 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • Jan 21 First reference to pineapple cultivation in Hawaii in diary entry by Francisco de Paula Marin
  • Jan 21 Spaniard Don Francisco de Paula y Marin plants coffee in Hawaii - 1st record of coffee growing in Hawaii
  • Jan 22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 28 Jane Austen's "Pride and Prejudice" is published by Thomas Egerton in the United Kingdom

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 4 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, Austria attorney/premier (1852-59)

Person of interestIsaac Pitman

Jan 4 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), born in Trowbridge, England (d. 1897)

English Teacher and Inventor Isaac Pitman
English Teacher and Inventor
Isaac Pitman
  • Jan 4 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • Jan 5 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
  • Jan 7 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1835)
  • Jan 13 Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman, Prime Minister of Italy (1876-78, 1778-79, 1881-87), born in Bressana Bottarone, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1887)
  • Jan 15 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Glidden, American inventor of 1st commercial usable barbed wire, born in Charlestown, New Hampshire (d. 1906)
  • Jan 19 Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • Jan 20 Jacon Gartner Lauman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Taneytown, Maryland (d. 1867)
  • Jan 23 Franz Commer, German composer & musicologist, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1887)
  • Jan 26 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • Jan 31 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • Jan 6 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, dies at 48
  • Jan 20 C M Wieland, writer, dies at 79
  • Jan 23 George Clymer, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • Jan 28 Ján Josef Rösler, Czech composer, dies at 41