What Happened in October 1813

Historical Events

  • Oct 5 Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • Oct 8 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Oct 20 Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • Oct 23 The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 8 Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold, German composer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1889)
  • Oct 9 John J. Pettus, American politician, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1867)

Person of interestGiuseppe Verdi

Oct 10 Giuseppe Verdi, Italian opera composer (Rigoletto, La traviata), born in Busseto (d. 1901)

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Oct 12 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), born in Colchester, Connecticut (d. 1896)
  • Oct 17 Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Oct 26 Henry Smart, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1879)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Etienne Ozi, French composer, dies at 58

Person of interestTecumseh

Oct 5 Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief (Battle of Thames), dies in battle at 45

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
Tecumseh
  • Oct 19 Josef Poniatovski, Polish gen/marshal of France, dies in battle
  • Oct 19 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, dies at 50
  • Oct 22 August Harder, composer, dies at 38