What Happened in October 1813

Historical Events

Victory in Battle

Oct 5 Battle of the Thames; American forces under General William Henry Harrison defeat Tecumseh's Confederacy and their British allies led by Henry Procter near Chatham, Upper Canada

  • Oct 8 Treaty of Ried between Bavaria & Austria

Victory in Battle

Oct 16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

  • Oct 20 German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • Oct 23 The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom).

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 8 Carl Ludwig Amand Mangold, German composer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1889)
  • Oct 9 John J. Pettus, American politician, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1867)

Giuseppe Verdi

Oct 10 Giuseppe Verdi, Italian opera composer (Rigoletto, La Traviata), born in Busseto (d. 1901)

  • Oct 12 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), born in Colchester, Connecticut (d. 1896)
  • Oct 17 Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)

Ludwig Leichhardt

Oct 23 Ludwig Leichhardt, German explorer of inland Australia, born in Trebatsch, Prussia (d. c. 1848)

  • Oct 26 Henry Smart, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1879)

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Etienne Ozi, French composer, dies at 58

Tecumseh

Oct 5 Tecumseh, Shawnee Chief (Battle of Thames), dies in battle at 45

  • Oct 19 Józef Antoni Poniatowski, Polish general and marshal of France, dies in battle at 50
  • Oct 22 August Harder, German composer, dies at 38