On This Day

What Happened in 1814

Historical Events

  • Apr 11 Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates unconditionally and he is exiled to the island of Elba in the Mediterranean
  • May 4 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism
  • Jul 25 English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher
  • Aug 24 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • Oct 1 Opening of the Congress of Vienna, redraws Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon Bonaparte
  • Nov 1 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars
  • Nov 28 The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer - makes newspapers available to a mass audience
  • Dec 24 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending the War of 1812 between the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies
  • More Historical Events

1814 in Music

Did You Know?

Francis Scott Key pens the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", later known as "The Star-Spangled Banner" while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from a ship in Baltimore harbor

On September 14, 1814

Famous Weddings